One can never have sufficient information on the amount of impact that we have on the environment and country’s economy. Rapid urbanization has led to enormous release of Carbon as our dependency of fossil continues to be questioned.
Various countries are changing their energy sources in favor of the renewable ones. But in which is the green energy working? Can that be sustained and lead to environmental, social and economic prosperity.
Take a look at this guide that was produced by “Perfect Country” for the BBC World Service.
Countries reaping the benefits of nature
In 2015, Costa Rica was the focus of the world after it got involved in a 75 days production of electricity without the use of fuel from fossil. In the remaining part of the year, renewable sources were used to generate 99% of the electricity that Costa Rica used.
In the year 2015, Costa Rica made it public that it would set aside 25,000 hectares of land for coffee plantations. The coffee plantations would be used to practice reforestation of the land lying idle and also cut down on the dependency on chemical fertilizers. 1.4% of the profit that the country makes from exports comes from coffee.
Here, when we mention climate change we focus mainly on the rain aspect. The renewable energy that Costa Rica relies on mostly is hydropower. Heavy rain makes the country’s hydroelectric dams to become full and thus is able to generate huge amounts of energy.
But at the dawn of 2014, severe drought affected Costa Rica. What this implied is that the country had to go back to fossil fuel. This resulted in an increase to carbon emission in 2014. The occurrence is what made experts question whether Costa Rica’s zero carbon emission policy can hold.
What is it that other countries can learn concerning nature and economy from Costa Rica’s work?
It is true that mother-nature can really move a country far in terms of economic growth. However, the manner in which that is done will determine how much we will be able to benefit.
A country may find it quite tough to fully rely on renewable energy. Even Costa Rica itself had a 99% reliance, which by the way is very top notch and impressive.
If we had the tech to harness a single hour’s sunlight that shines on earth, we would get the energy we need for the entire year.
Hydropower is the energy that water that generates as it falls. It is a major contributor when it comes to renewable energy. Actually, Guinness World Record makes it the largest.
The solar panels that most countries use can have a significant impact on generating electricity from renewable sources. The rural parts of developing countries tend to embrace this method more since hydroelectric power is yet to get there.
Albert Einstein discovered the photoelectric effect. The knowledge is being used in building solar panels.