The World Health Organization has released a new list ranking the World’s top bugs that are threat to human health. The bacteria are resistant to drugs, making them more dangerous, reports BBC.
The pneumonia-causing gram-negative bugs such as E. coli, also blamed for other lethal infections to the bloodstream, ranks number one.
This list is set to be discussed further at the G20 meeting set to be held in Germany this summer.
The intention of the meeting is to ensure governments have prioritized the discovery of new antibiotics that can be used in combating the hard-to-counter infections.
Health experts have from time to time warned that we are living in an era where bacteria will resist most drugs, making infections untreatable using the currently available drugs.
The common infections can multiply and then lead to death.
The WHO’s Dr Marie-Paule Kieny said that resistance to antibiotics was escalating yet the supply of new effective drugs is still dry.
The rate at which we are running out of treatment options is alarming. The WHO has to thus step in and boost the development of new antibiotics. Leaving it to market forces alone may lead to a dangerous delay.
The World Health Organization says that pharmaceutical companies focus only on developing easier treatment options which bring in more money.
This is a wrong approach since the focus has to be placed on the clinical sector.
Tuberculosis not on the list
The search for new treatments for tuberculosis has been prioritized and thus the infection did not make it to the list.
To come up with the list, experts looked into the current level of drug resistance, global death rates, prevalence of the infections in communities and the burden the diseases cause on health systems.
A bacterium referred to as Klebsiella was among the top world’s threatening bugs after it recently developed resistance to a class of antibiotics known as carbapenems.
Leading world’s threatening superbugs
- Bacterium responsible for serious chest and blood infections (Acinetobacter baumannii) and (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)
- Bacterium responsible for serious chest, blood and urine infections
Priority has been given to bacteria that cause wound, chest, blood, urine, blood infections, diarrhoeal disease and bloodstream infection.