About one 150 years after the civil war began and its echoes are still effective as it is felt across the US in the Lingering divisions that are found between South and North, in the argument concerning the causes of the conflict and the and the debate over the flying of the Confederate flag. The following are some of the Myths that persist about the bloodiest conflict in the American History, reports History.com
The Civil war wasn’t concerned with slavery
This is the basic and mostly widespread myth. Across America, between 60% and 75% of the High-School History teaches do believe and teach that the South seceded the right of the State.
According to Jim Loewen, the author of “Lies My Teacher told me; Everything Your American Textbooks Got Wrong” (Touchstone, 1996) and the Co-editor of “The Confederate and Neo-Confederate Reader. The “Great Truth about the ‘Lost Cause’” (University press of Mississippi, 2010).
As it justify the secession, Texas bases its view of union as built upon slavery, Texas bases its view of a union built upon slavery.
“We are holding facts that cannot be denied by anyone. And the truth is that the governments of various countries and the Confederacy itself were established with the white race exclusive. This was for themselves and their prosperity as no African race had the agency in their establishment.
The African races were rightfully held and referred to as inferior and dependent race. Their existence in this country could only be rendered beneficial or tolerable under this condition.
The Union Went to war to end slavery
According to Loewen, the North is mythologized as being involved in the war with the aim of setting the slaves free. This is still more bad history.
“The North went to war to hold the union together”, claimed Loewen.
Pres. Abraham Lincoln was one of those who were against slavery. In his first inaugural, Lincoln made it clear that it was more important to placate the southern states.
As he quote himself in several speeches, Lincoln said that he had no neither directly nor indirectly purpose to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where the slavery exists.
“I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so”, added Lincoln.
Black, both free and slave, fought for the confederacy
One of the bitter debates is whether blacks participated in the civil war to fight for the government that enslaved them, but this myth has been busted by the historians.
“It is completely wrong. This is because the Confederacy by policy flatly didn’t allow blacks to be soldiers until 1865 in the month of March”, said Loewen.
In 2006 in the journal review in American History, Stephen Ash, an historian from the University of Tennessee claimed that the idea had been brought up before.
In 1864, January, Confederate Mej. Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne had a proposal of enlisting slaves. This was rejected by the Confederate president Jefferson Davis who ordered for the subject to be dropped and never be discussed again in the army.
The pre-civil war error was low point of U.S race relations
There is no doubt that the slavery was a low point, but the period between 1890 and 1940 was termed as a “nadir of race relations.” Small steps and efforts of achieving r4acial equality were reversed. An example can be drawn from 1880s, ten years before Jackie Robinson introduced himself in a major league field, and racism was faced by some baseball players when they wanted to play for the professional leagues, but this all changed in 1890s.
Civil war surgeons were butchers who hacked off limbs without anesthesia
It was known as a Civil war cliché. A brave soldier could take a gulp of whiskey and bite down a bullet as one of his limbs is cut off with a hacksaw. But for civil war casualties, the field surgery was not so quite brutal to them. As per the National Museum of Health and Medicine, anesthesia (which was mostly chloroform) was commonly used by both Confederate and Union field surgeons.