He was born in a tent to the Bedouin parents who were illiterate; he grew up loathing the monarchy and its Western backers. After sensing its weaknesses in terms of growth, Muammar al-Qaddafi in his youthful age of 27 years old and serving as an army officer made a decision to seize power himself in 1969, September 1st in the absence of King Idris who was out of the country at health resort.
Accompanied by approximately 70 co-conspirators driving military vehicles into the city of Tripoli, Qaddafi and his team surrounded the royal palace and other key government buildings and cut off all the communication modes while arresting some of the top officials who were not co-operating with them. The personal guard meant for the king put up only a token resistance and within a period of two hours, the essentially coup came to conclusion without any bloodshed.
In the next morning, Qaddafi informed the citizens through the radio that the corrupt and reactionary regime had been toppled. At first, most people did not know who exactly was in the charge. Soon, Qaddafi imposed his will on all aspects of Libyan life.
He ruthlessly stifling dissent and constantly clashed with the United States, he governed Libya for 42 years until he was killed during the 2011”Aab Spring” uprising
Also read: Part 1: 5 Famous Coups
He rose through the military ranks and became the top general in Uganda. At the beginning, he was a close ally of President Milton Obote, who by then had led the country to independent in 1962 from the Britain. Later, these two gentlemen eventually begun to loose trust for each other.
Before leaving for a conference in Singapore, secretly Obote ordered for Amin to be arrested. This secret leaked back to Amin who made a response on 25th January 1971 while Obote was still out of the country. Amin moved troops into the capital city, Kampala.
As they fire automatic weapons and motors, the Amin’s team took over the airport and other important strategic sites before they could announce their successful coup over the radio.
Despite all the promises he had made such as the restoration of democracy, this self-proclaimed “Last King of Scotland” went on to rule Uganda mercilessly with an iron fist as he ended up slaughtering some 300,000 perceived political opponents within a period of 8 years of his reign.
After he was disposed by the Ugandan exile and Tanzanian soldiers, Idi Amin spent the rest of his life in Saudi Arabia without ever facing any charges against humanity.