It was in the late fourth century when the Western Roman Empire which was regarded as the greatest superpower worldwide for almost 500-years crumbed.
Blames are being put by the historians for the collapse of the Roman Empire by using hundreds of different factors to base their blames which starts from the military failures, crippling taxation, natural disasters with climate changes included.
According to other historians and those who tend to know something about the fall of the Roman Empire, they6 argue that this Empire did not really fall in 476 A.D as some of their colleagues may say it. The reason being, its eastern half went on to be powerful for another thousand years with a different identity as Byzantine Empire.
While some are still debating on how and when did the empire fall, there are some theories which have emerged and are regarded as the most popular explanation for the decline of the western Rome and its disintegration. Just continue reading in order to discover the reasons which led to the fall of one of the most legendary empires in history.
Invasion by Barbarian tribes
This is the strait forward theory that explains the reasons for the fall of the Western Rome as it links it to the military losses against the external forces. For centuries, Germanic tribes and Rome had tangled. But the barbarian groups which include Goths, the 300s had crossed passed the border of the Empire.
In the late fourth century, the a Germanic uprising was weathered out by the Romans, but the Visigoth King who was known as King Alaric sacked the city of Rome successfully in 410. Several decades were spend by the empire under continues and constant threats before the city was raided in 1455 by the vandals.
Lastly, Odoacer, the Germanic leader had planned and staged a revolt in 455 hence deposing the Emperor Romulus Augustulus. From that time henceforth, there was no any Roman emperor who would ever rise and rule again from any post in Italy and this has led many individuals to cite 476 as the year of the fall of the Western Rome Empire as it suffered its deathblow.
Overreliance on slave labor and economic troubles
Being under attack by the external enemies is not only the reason for the fall of the roman empire, there were also some reasons within the empire such as financial crisis and being overly relying on the slaves as source of labor.
There were constant wars and being spendthrift which lightened the imperial coffers significantly. There was a wide gap created between the poor and the rich by the oppressive taxation and inflations.
Most members of the wealthy classes had fled outside the empire and set up their independent fiefdoms with the hope of avoiding taxation or taxman. At the same moment, a labor deficit rocked the empire. The economy of the Rome Empire totally depended on the slaves to work as craftsmen and also for tilting its fields. In addition, it is thought that its military had traditionally availed a fresh influx of concurred laborious to put to work.