The dragon nation has now decided to end its decades-old single child policy. A news agency in China quoted that the government has issued a notification over the same. Xinhua news agency reported that couples in China will now be allowed to have a second child, citing a statement from the communist party.
The controversial ‘One child Policy’ was introduced in China in 1979 to slow down the population growth rate. The then government implemented the policy amid protests from various sections of the country.
Under the single child policy, couples who violated the rules faced various punishments from fines to loss of employments and forced abortions. An estimation from the Chinese officials records that the policy has successfully prevented 400 million births in China so far. However, now China is concerned with the aging population which led to the change in the policy.
The policy framed in 1979, meant that about one third of the Chinese citizens are not allowed to have a second child. However, in 2007 the Chinese Government has allowed the couples to have a second child by imposing fines over them.
The policy has already been relaxed in some provinces of China as demographers and sociologists raised the issue of raising social costs and falling worker numbers.
Currently, more than 30% of China’s population consists of aged individuals. The dragon nation has a total population of around 1.36 billion, according to the latest statistics.
In rural areas of china, families were allowed to have a second child if their first child was a girl. Campaigners protested that the policy led to forced abortions and female infanticide. According to them, the single child policy is the main cause for the gender imbalance in China.
“Even though the rules have been modified to have a second child, there might not be an immediate growth in the rate of child births as China has been habituated with single child norm”, a Health analyst in China said.
However, controlling a woman’s reproductive rights with state machinery is not justifiable in the human rights perspective, the BBC reported.