China and the US have provided the UN Security Council with a draft resolution that has tougher sanction for North Korea.
This action is taken o respond to the move by Korea to launch a missile and carry out nuclear test.
The measures require, for the first time, all the cargo going to and leaving Korea to be inspected by the UN member states.
Samantha Power, US ambassador to the UN, said that these are more tougher sanctions than any other that have ever been imposed on North Korea.
It is expected that a vote will be held at the weekend.
In February this year, North Korea launched a long-range rocket. The country had earlier on launched a nuclear test in January. These actions were condemned to be a violation of the UIN resolutions.
What sanctions have been proposed?
- All cargo to and from Korea to be inspected by UN member states
- Ban any North Korea ships from all ports worldwide if they are suspected to carry illegal goods
- Ban the supply of aviation and rocket fuel to North Korea
- Widen arms embargo for them to accommodate supplies of small arms
China has also condemned Korea’s actions but has been reluctant to take actions that would adversely affect the economy of its neighbor.
North Korea’s 90% trades occur between the country and China. The proposed sanctions do not prohibit trade.
The sanctions may make it tough to carry out trade with N Korea in case the inspection of the goods is burdensome. However, as it is, China already knows the contents that are in the cargo.
Trouble may set in when it comes to the aviation fuel. Blocking fuel to the Air Koryo will be a big blow for the tourism sector. On a yearly basis, 3000 tourists from China visit N. Korea. However, China has the Pyongyang flight.
Questions have been raised as to whether a good change would be brought about by sanctions. The tougher sanctions have been described by a professor in one of the Korean University to be “a punishment to the masochist.”
China as at the moment may side with the US due to the seemingly relentless moves by North Korea to come up with deliverable nuclear weapons and may be of the opinion that the US will eventually not tolerate this. The Beijing argument may then be to stop North Korea now because ultimately the US will stop them later.
In addition to this, there are plans by the Americans to establish anti-missile shields in S. Korea. This would see more of the Chinese airspace. Thus, negotiations may be in progress between Beijing and Washington. In this case, China is to curb the actions of its ally while the US on the other hand, hold fire on the radar system.
The announcements that were made on Thursday concerning the tough sanctions come in after weeks of negotiation between the US and China. This week, Chinese Foreign Minister, Wang Yi, and US Secretary of State John Kerry culminated the tougher sanctions discussions with a talk.