In a move that can only be described to be unusual, leaders of the Syrian Alawites sect that President Bashar al-Assad lead, have released a document which the BBC obtained and it describes the kind of future they would like to see Syria have. Also in it, they distance themselves from the president’s regime after five years of civil war.
The religious and community leaders are hopeful that they can “shine a light” on the Alawites after many secretes being kept concerning “important moment” of their history.
The 8-page document has been dubbed “declaration of identity reform” and the Alawites say that Islam’s third model is represented in it.
Those behind the text say Alawites are not members of a branch of Shia Islam – as they have been described in the past by Shia clerics – and that they are committed to “the fight against sectarian strife”.
Furthermore, they state that they are lenient to the “values of citizenship, liberty and equality.” They also want the future of Syria to be secularism and a government in which there is equality in Christianity, Islam and all religions.
The Alawites have been dominant in Syria’s govt as well as security services in Mr. Assad’s regime and that of his late father but they stress that the regime will be evaluated depending on democracy and fundamental rights.