NASA’s Juno is carrying nine science instruments and also has a camera that can capture still images and video of Jupiter and its moons.
The spacecraft will revolve the solar system’s most massive planet so as to learn more about its origin.
The $1.1 billion project targets to get closer to the mysterious planet whose core features are an extreme. For instance, it has a poisonous atmosphere, extreme temperatures, and radiation is 1,000 times lethal limit for a human.
The Mysterious Jupiter
Scientists believe that our largest neighbor planet was the first to be formed. But what amuses them is how it was formed.
Jupiter resembles the sun in the sense that it is constituted mainly by helium and hydrogen. That points to the possibility of it having captured most of the material left from the sun.
“Did a massive planetary core form first and gravitationally capture all that gas, or did an unstable region collapse inside the nebula, triggering the planet’s formation?” NASA asked.
What will the mission target?
For the first time, NASA is planning to go deeper into Jupiter’s atmosphere and learn more.
A key area of concern will be determining the amount of water. This can be used to inform the scientists the period it was formed and how.
Bolton also said Juno is likely to discover more moons around Jupiter, which is already known to have 67.
The spacecraft is also expected to provide insight on the intense magnetic field generation. The formation of the auroras will also be studied.